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The removal of topsoil by wind and water is called soil erosion. In some locations, native landscapes, such as forest and grassland, are cleared, exposing the surface to erosion (in some locations the land that will be built on is farmland). Whyte (1957) while commenting on the problem of soil erosion of Kashmir Himalayas, mentioned, “control of fluctuating grazing was made the responsibility of forest department in 1939 but this appears to have little effect and the problem is as acute as ever”. Starting with the minor soil disruption caused by the impact of falling raindrops, splash erosion moves around small particles in the upper soil layer. Some Other Causes of Soil Erosion: 1. Depending on the type of force, erosion can happen quickly or take thousands of years. Common Causes of Soil Erosion #1. Figure 4. It results in the progressive down-slope movement of soil, causing severe soil loss on upper-slope positions and accumulation in lower-slope positions. This form of erosion is a major delivery mechanism for water erosion. Tillage action moves soil to convergent areas of a field where surface water runoff concentrates. Some soil erosion causes are mentioned below. Dust plumes from the deserts or dry areas can cause large and widespread air pollution as the winds move. The consequences of soil erosion are primarily centered on reduced agricultural productivity as well as soil quality. Thus, soil erosion is a continuous process and may occur either at a relatively unnoticed rate or an alarming rate contributing to copious loss of the topsoil. High winds can contribute to soil erosion, particularly in dry weather periods or in the arid and semi-arid (ASAL) regions. If the texture is loose that is the soil contains more of small grains and of open structure erodes faster. Rainstorm produces four major types of soil erosion including rill erosion, gully erosion, sheet erosion, and splash erosion. In this view, soil erosion has severely threatened the productivity of fertile cropping areas as they are continually degraded. The tree roots hold the soil together and the tree canopy protects the soil from hard falling rain. The wind picks up the loose soil particles with its natural force and carries them away to far lands, leaving the soil sculptured and denudated. If too many animals graze the same land area, the animals’ hooves pull plants out by their roots. The leaves and canopy of big, tall trees protects the soil from wind and rain. This leads to water pollution and damage to marine and freshwater habitats. Rainstorm produces four major types of soil erosion including rill erosion, gully erosion, sheet erosion, and splash erosion. Much of the world’s original forests have been logged. These occur more often when the land is not covered with grass or plants. When vegetation is planted in the ground, the topsoil is shifted, which causes erosion. Sediments may also enter the fish gills, affecting their respiratory functions. Figure 3. Figure 1. Agriculture is probably the most significant activity that accelerates soil erosion because of the amount of land that is farmed and how much farming practices disturb the ground (Figure 1). Soil erosion is a gradual process that occurs when the impact of water or wind detaches and removes soil particles, causing the soil to deteriorate. Erosion will often occur after rock has been disintegrated or altered through weathering. Water. Causes of Soil Erosion. Soils eroded from logged forests clog rivers and lakes, fill estuaries, and bury coral reefs. Deforested swatches in Brazil show up as gray amid the bright red tropical rainforest. What are National Parks? While there are many types of erosion, all have the same basic process - the removal of topsoil by wind or water. 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